I think that you would agree that buying a house or buying a condo for the first time can be quite stressful and challenging. First time home buyers are surrounded by a large number of questions. This home buying guide offers some tips to first time home buyers, a home buyers guide to simplify their journey.
If you are looking to buy a home for the first time, perhaps you are busy thinking whether to hire a real estate agent or do the home hunting on your own. Budget and mortgage are other factors that may trouble you. You may be unaware of what extra expenses you may need to bear while purchasing a home.
If you prefer to watch the video, here it is:
6 steps to buying a house (or condo) in Winnipeg – A Home Buyers Guide
This is a recommended order in which home buyers should proceed. Old wisdom used to dictate that a buyer go and get pre-approved for a mortgage first. That is no longer the case. House and condo buyers are advised to follow these steps to buying a home:
- Prepare a Budget for their home expenses
- Save for their down payment and closing costs
- Select their real estate agent
- Get pre-approved by the right lender
- Shop for your perfect home
- Get a home inspection (if possible)
- The final steps in the home buying process
1) Prepare a budget that includes all extra expenses.
There are a number of extra costs involved in the ownership of a home, such as utility hookups, new appliances and moving. The moving costs always vary, with the average being $1,000. Utility costs for phone and electricity would range from $150 to $250. The survey costs, title insurance and appraisal fees should also be added to your budget. One helpful tool would be to use a Mortgage Calculator. Note: this step is especially important for the first-time home buyer.
2) Prepare for the down payment & closing costs.
A Real estate agent Burswood, advices buyers to keep aside almost 4% of the home price as the closing costs. One of the major closing costs is the land title transfer taxes. In Winnipeg, its generally accepted advice to set aside 2-2.5% of the price of the home for Closing Costs. In addition to the Land Titles Transfer Tax, closing costs would include things like legal fees, part of the property taxes (the part of the year when you own the home), and home insurance cost.
3) Find a REALTOR® before buying a house
A REALTOR® is far more aware of the real estate market of your locale than you. A skilled real estate agent can prove to be a great help during your house hunting. There are many reasons why a home buyer should be using their own real estate agent, including:
- Saving Time
- Saving Money
- Being fully represented in their transaction
for more reasons, read Reasons by home buyers should have their own agent.
HOW TO SELECT THE RIGHT REALTOR®
As mentioned above, your real estate agent is involved in nearly every part of the home-buying process. Therefore, selecting the right agent is of ultimate importance. Here are a couple of things you can do:
- ASK YOUR FAMILY AND FRIENDS FOR RECOMMENDATIONS
Chances are, someone close to you has just gone thru the process of buying a home in Winnipeg, and can give you feedback about their experience with their REALTOR®. If they had a great experience, get the name and consider him/her for the job.
- ONLINE REVIEWS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
Check the agents name on google, and also check to see if he/she is listed and accredited by the local Better Business Bureau.
Some basic tips
When you meet realtors, enquire about the experience of each and success rate. Make sure to hire one with whom you feel comfortable. Explain to your REALTOR about the aspects which hold priority for you, like schools, neighbourhoods and community groups.
Another option is to check your local BBB Reviews, to see if your prospective real estate agent is accredited by the Better Business Bureau.
4) Apply for pre-approved mortgage.
This would help you to set the maximum amount for mortgage and the rates of interest. This would in turn set your budget, prior to your starting it the house hunting. A mortgage application also allows the seller to know that you are really serious about the purchase of a home. Options include using a bank mortgage specialist, a credit union or a mortgage broker.
Here is what NOT to do: Call a bunch of banks, credit unions and mortgage brokers, and say “Hi, whats YOUR best mortgage rate?” Why not?
Because it is a useless exercise! Mortgage lenders reserve their best rates for their best customers, and as they have no way of knowing if YOU fall into that category, they can not possibly give you an accurate rate over the phone.
Oh, they’ll quote you rates alright, but whether or not you actually qualify for that rate will depend on your credit rating, which requires a credit check.
Here is number 2 on the ‘Don’t Do This’ List: Don’t go to 4 lenders and ask them all to pre-qualify you. Why?
Each time a lender checks into your credit history, your rating actually takes a little negative hit!
Here is another reality: Most lenders are fairly competitive, and the actual difference between their rates quite often boils down to fractions of a percent. (Yes, over the life of the mortgage that CAN add up to thousands of dollars, but I’m here to suggest that there are other factors that may actually be of greater importance).
What could be more important than a few grand? Well, for one thing, the penalty a bank or lender charges when you try to get out of a mortgage early!
Watch those penalties
Mortgage Lender penalties for getting out of a mortgage early will charged $30,000 for closing the mortgage out a couple of years early. Ask THOSE home-owners whether the 0.15% they saved on the mortgage payments was actually worth it.
Why would you close out early? Although you may not think so when you are buying the house, a lot can happen in a 5-year span (possibly the length of the lock-in mortgage). Maybe you get transferred with your company, or maybe there are cut-backs and you get laid off, having to sell your home. Or maybe marital separation, death or illness pop up.
Fact remains that a lot of unforeseen circumstances can come up within 5 years, and if you have to get out of a mortgage early, make sure it wont cost you an arm and a leg to do so.
5) The Home Buying Process
Perhaps one of the most important points in this home buyers guide is this:
You cannot enjoy your life, if the entire money you earn goes for the payment of your home. The minimum amount of down payment is usually 5%. Paying more as the down payment leads to a reduction in your costs. If the down payment is lesser, there is almost no equity left in your home.
If the down payment is lower than 20%, you may need mortgage loan insurance. This may result in extra costs and higher rates of interest. You certainly don’t want to be house-poor, but another common mistake is to purchase a house which is actually too small, forcing you to sell within a year or two as your family and needs grow. Here is a list of 7 of the biggest regrets home buyers have.
VIEWING THE HOMES
You’ll be receiving those new listings as soon as they are activated. Look thru them daily, and contact your agent when you are ready to view one (or several). Here are a couple of pointers:
GIVE YOUR AGENT A LITTLE NOTICE
In a perfect world, you will let him/her know that you’re ready to look at some properties at least one day in advance. Some of the homes may be occupied by renters, who, in Manitoba, have the right to be notified at least 24 hours in advance. So if you are ready to look at homes on a Saturday afternoon, for example, ideally you’ll let your agent know by Thursday evening
That way, he/she can begin the process of notifying the owners or tenants of these homes you want to see.
LIMIT THE NUMBER OF HOMES ON ANY ONE TOUR
Ideally, you’ll go out and see 4 to 5 homes. Any more than that, and they will blend in your mind. “Which was the house with the great kitchen?” or “Was that the one with the smokey smell”?
6) Inspect the home well.
It is wise to examine the house well, before considering it for purchase. In fact, here are 6 top reasons to have a home inspection before you buy.
Seek the help of a skilled home inspector, who would help you to detect any major damages. This would also safeguard you from paying additional costs on repair in future. This is a somewhat self-regulated industry, and nearly anyone with a flashlight and a ladder can call themselves a home-inspector. Be sure to back-ground check, or better yet: Call me for a referral!
Here is an interesting article about the best home warranty companies for your home.
Step 7) The Final Steps
LIFE INSURANCE OR MORTGAGE INSURANCE
Let me make this clear…. In this section we are talking about Life or Mortgage Insurance, NOT property insurance. The latter (property insurance) is necessary to insure the property in cases of fire, theft, vandalism etc,,,, and this type of insurance is mandatory if you are buying a home with a mortgage.
The reason is simple: Since the bank owns somewhere around 90% of your home (depending on the size of your down payment), the bank (or lender) needs to protect their investment.
However, Life Insurance or Mortgage Insurance is NOT mandatory, even though I have heard stories of some financial institutions trying to persuade their clients to buy mortgage insurance.
In my humble opinion, the buyer is usually better served by buying Life Insurance from a qualified life insurance provider/expert, instead of mortgage insurance. For a full description of each, see this article. Here is a summary of the differences between the two. (For a referral to a trusted Life Insurance Expert, contact me anytime)
PREPARING FOR POSSESSION
The time between when the offer is accepted and final, to the time when you take possession of your new home, you will have plenty of things to prepare. Assuming you’ve signed the mortgage agreement, here are the next things you have to do:
CONTACT YOUR LAWYER
Just let him/her know that the offer papers will be faxed to them by your real estate agent. Of course, let your REALTOR® know who your real estate lawyer of choice will be.
CONTACT A HOME INSURANCE COMPANY
Take the MLS listing information to your home insurance company. Quite often, the insurance company will have additional questions and will contact your real estate agent for answers. Another great reason to have your own agent when buying a home.
CONTACT A MOVING COMPANY
Depending on the season, you may need to hire the moving company several months in advance. Having an ‘odd’ possession date (something other than the 1st, 15th or last day of a month) can be to your advantage. Moving companies are usually less busy (and less expensive) on odd dates, such as the 12th of the month, for example.
CONTACT YOUR LANDLORD (IF YOU’RE CURRENTLY RENTING)
Make sure that you let your landlord know about your plans to move out. Actually, you need to check your lease agreement to make sure that you CAN get out early, without penalties. Other options might include the ability to sublet your apartment to a friend or relative, but discuss all of these options with your landlord.
These are the major steps a home buyer should take to make the process of buying a house a success. A buyer should make an offer of purchasing a house with the advice of a professional real estate agent, preferably an Accredited Buyer Representative.
Also, it is very important for a buyer, especially a first time one, to keep emotions in check while negotiating with a home seller. Sellers may try to make the buyer buy in impulse, which can prove to be a wrong decision.
F.A.Q. about Buying a House or Condo
Q: What is the best time of year to buy a home in Winnipeg?
A: The most popular time to buy is in the spring. That is because this is the time with the most available listings. The best deals can sometimes be obtained by purchasing in August & September, when buyer activity slows down.
A: Condo ownership is a life style choice. It does not work for everyone, but is the right option for the right buyer. Do you travel? Work a lot? Or do you plan to have children soon? Pets? Love yardwork? Condos offer some things that houses can not….and vice versa.
Q: What is the minimum down payment for buying a house or condo?
A: Generally speaking, a buyer needs a minimum of 5%, plus approx. 3% for closing costs. I say ‘generall’ because sometimes lenders offer a ‘zero-down’ option. However, in such cases, the bank is loaning the 5% to the buyer, and the buyer will have to actually repay that 5% over the next 3-5 years.
Buying a house checklist
Other reading: Tips for first time home buyers from a mortgage broker.
Author’s Bio: Alisa Martin is a proficient guest blogger penning down articles on real estate. Her articles are highly informative and useful for the readers.